The FDA issued multiple safety alerts over the last few years regarding dietary supplements containing DMAA, which is also known as methylhexanamine, 1,3 dimethylamylamine, and geranium extract and is the main active ingredient in products such as Jack3d, OxyElite Pro, Hemo Rage Black, Creafuse, and many other dietary supplements. In April 2013, the FDA warned consumers not to use products containing DMAA due to the risk of serious cardiovascular injuries and death. To date, the FDA has received over 100 adverse event reports involving DMAA.
DMAA constricts arteries and blood vessels, increases heart rate, and can elevate blood pressure. Using DMAA can lead to cardiovascular problems (arrhythmias, chest pain, heart attack, cardiac arrest), seizures, heat stroke, kidney failure, liver failure, rhabdomyolysis, loss of consciousness, tremors, headaches, anxiety, and other neurological and psychological conditions. These serious—and sometimes fatal—safety risks prompted Eli Lilly, the pharmaceutical manufacturer that first developed the drug, to remove DMAA from the market in the 1980s. Health authorities in at least seven countries have banned dietary supplements containing DMAA. View the articles to the right for more information.
Consumers should look for DMAA on the ingredient label of supplements. DMAA may also be listed as:
- Geranium Extract (Pelargonium Graveolens Extract)